Health Disparities

As you think about the patients you currently serve or hope to work with in the future, it is important to be aware of the health disparities some populations experience.

In this assignment, you will examine health disparities for a population of your choice and then offer a community-based approach to improve patient outcomes.

When selecting your population, consider aspects of culture, geographical area, generational factors, and any other factors that might be considered outside the perspective of the majority population.

Describe the types of health disparities for this group, and then select one health care concern to focus on for the rest of the assignment. For example, the elderly might be your population and the health care concern could be heart disease.


•Specify the selected population.

•Identify the types of health disparities for this group and select one health care concern to focus on for this assignment.

•Distinguish factors that create health disparities for this population. ◦Why does this group have health disparities?

•Describe the identified health concern for this population as well as the pharmacological treatment for the condition.

•Describe and discuss how the cultural values, socio-economic status, and traditional beliefs and practices impact the acceptance of pharmacological treatment for this identified health concern.

•Offer at least one strategy for a community-based approach to improve the current pharmacological treatment regimens for this population.

◦What types of community outreach programs could be consulted to effectively reach your target population?

◦Are there education, access, or other issues that community programs could help address?

•Discuss why you believe this strategy would be effective. Support your rationale with references from at least three resources, at least two of which must be from resources not required for this course.

Additional Requirements

•Length of paper: 3–4 pages, not including title page and reference page.

•References: At least three resources, two of which must be from resources not required for this course.

•Formatting: Follow proper APA style and formatting.



Biotechnology refers to the technical applications of living organisms or their functions. These applications may be used in engineering, medicine, or agriculture, to name a few. Biotechnology processes and procedures are varied and range from the domestication of animals to genetic engineering. At its core, biotechnology involves the modification of a biological process for a human defined purpose. Write a paper which includes the following:

Evaluate current or future applications of biotechnology in the fields of medicine or agriculture.

Provide at least three real-world examples of current or future applications of biotechnology in either of these fields. Present a minimum of three reliable references.

Write a 2–3-page paper in Word format. Apply APA standards to citation of sources.

Epidemiology of Health and Illness.

Epidemiology of Health and Illness.

Transforming the Public’s Health Care Systems.

Global Health

Please read chapter 4, 5 & 7 of the class textbook and review the attached Power Point presentations.  Once done answer the following questions;

1. How does the epidemiologic triad apply to health issues we see in the hospital? What are some common diagnoses in the acute care setting? What about in the community setting? How does the epidemiologic triad differ when a nurse is providing care to someone in the community or in his home? Does the nurse have more or less control in either arena?

2. Discuss the data presented regarding obesity in America in the Ethical Connection feature on page 118.  Please review the data and discuss your feelings about the role of community health nurses in community nutrition.

3. What are some of the causes for increases in healthcare costs in recent years, as outlined in the chapter?  Brainstorm some examples that you have actually witnessed in the clinical setting. Can any of these factors be modified? What could nurses do to help cut down on costs related to the different factors?

4. Why are the causes of morbidity and mortality in other countries different than in the United States? In what ways are they the same? Why do those differences exist? What types of services & interventions are needed in less developed countries to help with their health issues?

As stated in the class syllabus please present your assignment in an APA format word document, Arial 12 font attach to the thread in the discussion board title “Week 2 discussion questions”.  A minimum of 2 references no more than 5 years old are required with 2 replies to any of your peers sustained with the proper references.  A minimum of 500 words without counting the first and reference page are required.

Text and materials:

Saucier Lundy, K & Janes, S.. (2016). Community Health Nursing. Caring for the Public’s Health. (3rd ed.) ISBN: 978-1-4496-9149-3

Publication Manual American Psychological Association (APA) (6th ed.).

2009 ISBN: 978-1-4338-0561-5

Biology Assignment


Most people should aim to get a variety of high quality nutrients in their diet – this includes macronutrients such as carbohydrates, fats, and proteins, and also micronutrients (vitamins and minerals) such as vitamin C and calcium. Analyze your diet, concentrating on nutrition, not calories. Your writing assignment should discuss the following:

  • Overall, how would you rate your diet?
  • What are you doing well?
  • In what area(s) could your diet be improved? How could you improve (what could be added, subtracted, or changed to make it better)?

Please support your paper with specific examples from your nutrition log. For example, if you say you are doing well because you eat enough fruits and vegetables, you should support this from your log (“I had x servings”) and possibly from an outside source (“nutritionists recommend eating x servings per day (CITATION)”).

Submit this assignment with the written analysis on the first page, references (if used) on the second,

Biology 101 Writing Assignment Guidelines

The written assignments are designed to provide opportunities for the student to find, evaluate, select, synthesize, organize, cite, and present information and arguments clearly and effectively for understanding scientific issues on personal, societal, and global levels.  This requirement is designed to help students achieve the University-wide Student Learning Outcomes (UPS 300.003) specifically to “communicate clearly, effectively, and persuasively, both orally and in writing”. (See:

It is important that your assignments are thoroughly researched and clearly written.  You should define all your terms and be concise.  These assignments are designed to give you the experience of applying your knowledge of biology to a current controversy or topic of interest.  You will use the same sort of method that you will later use as an informed citizen and consumer when making decisions that involve biology. You should review the relevant chapters in your textbook, other course materials and use other sources to fill in missing information when necessary.

The structure of your paper

  • Be sure to cover the points mentioned in each individual assignment and define all technical terms that you use in your own words.  Your paper needs to be written so the average person can understand it.
  • You are encouraged to use first and/or second person in all of these writing assignments.
  • Your paper must be between 1/2 -1page (not including references).  The second page is only for the complete references of the material cited in your paper.  Any portion of your text on the second page will not be read or graded. Your paper should be double-spaced with one-inch margins, using 12 point Times New Roman font.  No cover page or heading is required (the body of your paper should begin on the first line of the first page).
  • You are not allowed to include any quotes in your paper.  All of your writing must be original. You must properly paraphrase ideas from the literature, even if you provide an in-text citation.
  • Information and ideas that are properly paraphrased must be accompanied by proper in-text citations in the body of your paper and a corresponding reference in American Psychological Association (APA) format. Note: only the references need to be in APA, other APA formatting items (such as a title page) should not be included.
  • You need to review your paper for format, spelling, grammar and usage errors before you submit it, or you will lose points.
  • Please also review the grading rubric before submitting your paper to make sure that you have done everything you can to receive a good grade.

Outside Sources

Primary Sources You may find information in the “primary literature,” which is where the research was originally published.  You can find these articles by using CSUF’s on-line search engines, or by asking for the help of a CSUF librarian.  Examples of the primary literature include ScienceNatureProceedings of the National Academy, and Genetics.

Secondary Sources You may find relevant articles in recent newspapers, popular magazines, or popular science journals.  These are referred to as “secondary” sources, since they describe research that was published elsewhere.  Examples of these include The New York TimesThe Los Angeles TimesThe GuardianTimeScientific AmericanDiscoverNew Scientist, and Science News.

Websites: If you choose to use a website, be aware that most websites are not peer-reviewed, and often present inaccurate information.  Examples of excellent websites include those of the National Academy of Science, the National Institute of Health, the Centers for Disease Control, and WebMD. If you are unsure of the appropriateness of a website, check with your instructor.  Alternatively, the CSUF library has an excellent guide to evaluating websites at under Guides for Undergraduates.  Wikipedia is not an appropriate website for research in a college course.

Guidelines for citing references

In-Text Citations are REQUIRED for any information included in your paper (everything that is not common knowledge or opinion)

In-text citations should be in APA format.  You can find a summary of APA guidelines for your citations at:

NOTE:  Any course materials used to complete these assignments must also be properly cited in your paper.

Reference Page is REQUIRED and should include all sources cited in text

Your references should be formatted using APA guidelines.  You can find a summary of APA guidelines for your reference page at:

The Purdue OWL: Citation Chart is a quick reference on how to format citations and references using different formats, including APA can be found at:


Each week will include multiple topics. Each topic will have reading, lectures to to listen to and take notes on, and a spot to turn in your lecture notes. The week will wind up with CPR (online research essay) & an exam on the week’s topics. Make sure to listen to the archived lecture for your notes that you submit. The powerpoints are NOT a substitution for, but rather meant to augment lecture retention.

Topic 1: Blood

Read Chapter 6. Answer any and all short answer questions at the end of the chapter. Follow syllabus guidelines for full credit.

Powerpoint: Blood PowerpointPreview the documentView in a new window

Archived Lecture: Blood Lecture (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.

Topic 2: Immune

Read Chapter 7. Answer any and all short answer questions at the end of the chapter. Follow syllabus guidelines for full credit.

Powerpoint: Immune System Powerpoint Preview the documentView in a new window

Archived Lecture: Immune System Lecture  (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.

Topic 3: Digestive System

Read Chapter 8. Answer any and all short answer questions at the end of the chapter. Follow syllabus guidelines for full credit.

Powerpoint: Digestive System Powerpoint Preview the documentView in a new window

Archived Lecture: Click here for the Digestive System Lecture (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.

Topic 4: Respiratory System

Read Chapter 9. Answer any and all short answer questions at the end of the chapter. Follow syllabus guidelines for full credit.

Powerpoint: Respiratory System Powerpoint Part 1Preview the documentView in a new window & Part 2Preview the documentView in a new window

Archived Lecture: Click here for the Respiratory System Lecture Part 1 (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. & Part 2 (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.

Written Assignment: Biology and Technology in the Real World


Addresses course outcomes 2 and 3:

use knowledge of biological principles to ask relevant questions about the natural world
make observations and discriminate between scientific and pseudoscientific explanations
1. Select one of the topics listed below.

2. Find at least two information sources related to the topic. You can find assistance with searching for articles at the UMUC Library Subject Guides at

3. Write a 750-1500 word paper, excluding references and title page. You must read the information sources that you find and summarize the information in your own words, addressing each of the questions and expectations for your chosen topic. Extensive quotes from the article are discouraged. Use APA style for citing references, see

a) Genetically modified organisms (GMOs). What is the purpose genetic engineering of crop plants and domestic animals? Briefly explain how GMOs are created. What foods in your supermarket contain GMOs? Are foods that contain GMOs safe for human consumption? What types of regulations exist for these foods? Clearly explain your reasoning for each answer.

750 words