community policing

Part 1:

1.  Currently the relationship between police and communities across this great nation are strained to say the least.  Perhaps it is more perception than reality, but as we learned, perception often becomes reality

For our last discussion, I want you to discuss with your classmates how you think we can collectively fix this. I’m looking for suggestions that offer solutions, not just re-stating what the problems are.  For instance, many would say that the media adds to the problem, however we still have to contend with freedom of the press. Please feel free to think totally outside of the box.

Part 2:

1. List and explain five of Eck’s “Ten Ways to Undermine COPPS.” Respond in no less than 300 words.

2. Summarize the roles of detectives and patrol personnel in COPPS planning and implementation. Include in your discussion any common problems or complaints from these two groups. Respond in no less than 150 words.

3. Describe Lewin’s force field analysis and how it functions in anticipating and planning for resistance to change in organizations implementing COPPS. Respond in no less than 150 words.

4.Briefly discuss why it is important to evaluate COPPS. Name two methods used to evaluate the effectiveness of the program.

5.Describe three considerations for conducting surveys and three things that can be revealed through surveys.

6. Discuss four performance criteria for rating officers’ skills under COPPS. Respond in no less than 150 words.

7. Imagine you are a newly selected police chief in your city. The city manager has assigned you the task of forming a committee (no more than 20 persons) to begin early planning for the implementation of COPPS. Drawing from the discussion of internal and external stakeholders in the text, answer the following question: “In your community, what representatives of law enforcement, government, and the community are critical participants in order to properly address this scenario?” Discuss the makeup of their committee and explain their reasons for selecting its members. Respond in no less than 200 words.

Business Law I Second Writing Assignment (II)

Our country was founded upon principles of limited government and yet a form of federalism. We will study one of the foundational tools that were used by the drafters and apologists for the New Constitution. Remember, the Articles of Confederation had failed. These people were sent by their respective states to “fix” that document. In Philadelphia, they decided it was too broken to fix and went about the process of “creating” a new Republic. You will be segregated into three groups. You will be studying three documents primarily, but do not neglect to seek other outside sources and cite them. The points assigned for each criteria are in [brackets].

General Resources: [Use of these sources is mandatory] Additional sources will be required.

The Federalist Papers:

The Constitution:

The Library of Congress collection of documents from the founding fathers (and mothers).

Assignment:

Evaluate the above three documents and as many outside sources as you find regarding the (executive) branch of government, its powers and limits to those powers. Further, concentrate on the concept of war powers within the government. Compare how these were envisioned in the Federalist Papers, were discovered in Democracy in America and how it appears today. In other words do a 225 year progression.

Please cite all of your sources and/or use footnotes to denote their use (be very specific on your cites). The average paper will be at least 5-6 pages double-spaced 12 font. [5]

The Grade will be based upon the following criteria:

• Was your paper organized,

Introduction [5] The Topic, Purpose, and Scope of the paper.

Body [5] Organized in the major categories below with HEADERS.

Conclusion [5] A summary of what was covered in the paper.

• Did you search the web and other sources, (You must use the three given above.) [5]

• Did you cite all sources (so that anyone could find them again), [5]

• Did you use the following outline to analyze the sources and compare it with modern American government (Use the topics below as headers in BOLD.):

How did the founders define your branch of government? Why? [10]

What powers and limits did your branch get granted? [10]

What special aspects were developed in your branch of government? [10]

Was any provision of your branch changed? When, by what, and why? [10]

What provisions were placed in or developed in your branch of government that specifically deal with business, merchants or any aspect of commerce? [15]

What are your opinion regarding your branch in the schemata of the “separation of powers” or “checks and balance” system. How does it participate in those constructs? [5]

Reflecting on the creation of this nation, what has made it “the greatest nation in the world? What forces were seen by our founders and by our visitors that could destroy it? How can those be avoided? [10]

Your resources are literally at your fingertips. The net has all of the sources you need to accomplish this assignment. If you have any questions, do not hesitate to discuss them with me.

case analysis

  • The Assignment (3 pages in APA format): To demonstrate proper case analysis using Cooper’s ethical decision-making model, your assignment should include the following
  • A description of the situation and the ethical issues involved in this case study (Dryburgh, 2009)
  • A description of the possible courses of action that the guards could have taken
  • An explanation of why they chose to be whistle blowers
  • An explanation of the positive and negative consequences for each possible course of action the guards could have taken
  • An explanation of how the ethical dilemma was resolved as well as its impact on the organization and individuals involved

Assignment 2: Library Research—Training Police Recruits

Chief Draper has noticed that the behavior of many of his officers reflects a lack of understanding of many basic criminal justice concepts. Last week, he received a complaint about a patrol officer with ten years of experience on the force. The complaint alleged that the officer pulled over a car for a traffic violation and allowed the driver to leave with a verbal warning after the driver gave him free football game tickets. Another complaint involved the Special Weapons and Tactics (SWAT) supervisor. In this complaint, it is alleged that the SWAT team broke down the door of a suspected drug dealer only to find that it had the wrong house. The team later found the suspected dealer at another location and arrested and interrogated him before reading the Miranda warnings. These are only a few of the complaints being reviewed, and Chief Draper believes that police recruits need more training on the following topics:

  • Discretion
  • Ethics
  • Probable cause
  • Plain view doctrine
  • Arrest
  • Good faith exception
  • Miranda
  • Reasonable suspicion
  • Use of force
  • Racial profiling

Tasks:

Prepare a 12- to 14-slide Microsoft PowerPoint presentation with your recommendations of the important points that should be addressed in the training of police recruits.

  • Devote at least one slide to each of the ten topics listed.
  • Use court cases to support your explanations.
  • Use the Notes section to provide for deeper exploration of each topic.
  • Include a cover slide and at least one slide at the end of your presentation to reference your sources, formatted in the APA style, that link back to your in-text citations and support your recommendations. See your Argosy Handbook or APA materials to properly cite your text.

Submission Details:

  • Save the final presentation as M2_A2_Lastname_Firstname.ppt.
  • By Monday, submit your final presentation to the M2: Assignment 2 Dropbox.
Assignment 2 Grading Criteria
Maximum Points
Prepared a Microsoft PowerPoint presentation with important recommendations on the listed topics, at least one slide to each topic.
36
Used cases to support the explanations.
16
Created a Notes section that provides a deeper exploration of each topic.
12
Gave citations for all sources in the APA format.
16
Wrote in a clear, concise, and organized manner; demonstrated ethical scholarship in the accurate representation and attribution of sources; and displayed accurate spelling, grammar, and punctuation.
20
Total:
100

LAW101 EXAM REVIEW

In the exam there are three parts:

  • Part A: Case study – long answer response  (15 marks) Torts Law
  • Part B: Case study – long answer response (15 marks) Contract Law
  • Part C: Short answer (30 marks) Australian Legal system & Contract

o   Choose 3 out of 5 questions

Sample Tort case study and solution

Mina is a vegan food enthusiast and is always trying new food inventions. Recently, she travelled to interstate to try alternatives to milk products. She heard from a friend about a store that sold hand-made vegan ice-cream. Mina was excited and went to the store. The store was called “Tim’s Creations”. Mina ordered a large vegan chocolate ice-cream. She could not wait to try it. When she received the delicate creation she dived right in. After two bites, she realised that the ice-cream tasted sour and very off. She complained to the manager, and it turns out that the ice-cream was stale. Mina was very ill after that experience, and is experiencing severe health issues.

Mina comes to you for advice as she wants to sue Tim’s Creations for torts.

            Solution

NOTE THAT THE ANSWER IS IN DOT POINTS FOR SIMPLICITY BUT IN THE EXAM DO NOT WRITE DOT POINTS.

To start off state the plaintiff and defendant: Mina v Tim’s Creations.

Define negligence:

  • Established in the case of Donoghue v Stevenson
  • Negligence involves a harm to done to another that had reasonable foreseeable consequence

There are 4 steps involved in the determining a case of negligence.

STEP 1: DOES THE D HAVE A DUTY OF CARE TO P

  • STATE THE LAW : the test to determine this was stated in D v S: You must take reasonable care to avoid acts or omissions which you can reasonably foresee would be likely to injure your neighbour’

(Lord Atkin in Donoghue v Stevenson [1932] AC 562 at 580). This is known as the neighbour test.

  • APPLICATION TO THE FACTS (apply the above law to the facts of the case – this is where the marks are given. So for example, in this case Tim’s Creation should take taken reasonable care to avoid the harm caused by the negligence of the restaurant by failing to check the ingredients expiry dates. )
  • Foreseeability – In order to determine this ask: Would a reasonable person foresee that the defendant’s act could cause damage? D v S.

o   APPLICATION TO FACTS: (Here…)

  • Vulnerability – If the damage was reasonably foreseeable, was there a vulnerable relationship?

o   APPLICATION TO FACTS: (Here…)

 

STEP 2: HAS THE DEFENDANT BREACHED THEIR DUTY OF CARE (A FACTUAL FACTOR)?

  • In determining how a reasonable person would have responded to the foreseeable risk, the courts take into account:
  1. The probability that the harm would occur if care were not taken: Boulton v Stone [1951]
  • APPLICATION TO FACTS: (Here…)
  1. The likely seriousness of the harm: Paris v Stepney Borough Council (1951)
  • APPLICATION TO FACTS: (Here…)
  1. The burden of taking precautions to avoid the risk of harm: Woods v Multi-Sport Holdings Pty Ltd (2002); Roads and Traffic Authority of NSW v Dederer [2007]
  • APPLICATION TO FACTS: (Here…)
  1. The social utility of the activity that caused the harm.
  • The standard of care that is expected is that of the reasonable person:
  • equipped with the same skills and expertise as D,
  • and how he/she would have acted in D’s position

STEP 3: HAS THE PLAINTIFF SUFFERED DAMAGE (A LIMITING FACTOR)?

  • Law: P must suffer some loss or damage as a result of D’s breach of duty (D v S)
  • In order to determine this, we must consider:
  1. Was the loss or damage ‘directly caused’ by D’s breach? (Factual causation)
  • APPLICATION TO FACTS: (Here…)
  1. Is it appropriate for the scope of the negligent person’s liability to extend to the harm so caused? (Scope of liability).
  • APPLICATION TO FACTS: (Here…)

 

STEP 4: WHAT DEFENCES WILL THE DEFENDANT RAISE?

  • Two most common defences can be raised by D:
  • Contributory negligence (CN)
  • Voluntary assumption of risk
  • For example: we can argue the defence of Voluntary assumption of risk (VAR)
  1. P consents to, or voluntarily assumes, the risk of injury
  2. A complete defence
  3. There must also be precise knowledge and full appreciation of the risk
  4. If successfully pleaded, P will not be able to recover anything
  • APPLICATION TO FACTS: (Here…)

 

STEP 5: WHAT WILL THE PLAINTIFF RECOVER?

  • If a defence applies: P’s compensation gets reduced.
  • If CN defence applies: a reduction of compensation by a %
  • If VAR: then 0 compensation

 

Conclusion

  • Come to a conclusion

 

PART B: 15 marks – CONTRACTS

The case in Part B relates to the formation of a contract. So make sure you know the elements of what forms a contract.

In order to satisfy the creation of a contract there must be 4 aspects.

Define: Contract

STEP 1: IS THERE AN AGREEMENT BETWEEN PARTIES

  • LAW:
  • APPLICATION

STEP 2: INTENTION TO CREATE A CONTRACT

  • LAW:
  • APPLICATION

 

STEP 3: CONSIDERATION

  • LAW:
  • APPLICATION

STEP 4: CAPACITY OF PERSONS     

  • LAW:
  • APPLICATION

Conclusion

 

So for each step, you need to know the law and apply that law to the case study, similar to what we did in torts. Make sure you read the slides on moodle for contract law if you are unsure about the law.

 

 

PART C: short answers (30 marks)

There are 5 questions, and you have to choose 3 to answer. So it’s 10 marks per question. Make sure you are aware of theory and are able to explain and discuss a particular topic. In order to achieve optimum marks, a quality and detailed response is expected.

The topic areas that the questions relate to are:

  • Separation of powers
  • Courts/alternatives to courts
  • Native title

 

  • Equitable remedies in contract

The Adoption and Safe Families Act of 1997(AFSA).

In cases where children are not returned to their biological families, the courts have to find safe, permanent homes for them, including adoptive homes. It is especially difficult in cases where the children have special needs, such as mental retardation or cerebral palsy. In 1997, The U.S. Congress enacted legislation that sought to correct the problems inherent with the foster care system and achieving permanency for special needs children.

Write 2-3 pages detailing the provisions of The Adoption and Safe Families Act of 1997(AFSA).

  • Be sure to include the following in your essay:
    • What was the purpose the AFSA?
    • What are some of the programs that the AFSA funds?
    • Who was the major proponent of the AFSA and why?
    • What are some of the changes that the AFSA has effectuated when it comes to foster care and adoption?
    • What provisions does the AFSA have for children with special needs?

counselors

Your director has asked you to create a white paper for dissemination to all supervising counselors. This paper is to address the following 2 different purposes:

  • To provide all supervising counselors with a full knowledge relating to the potential consequences of multiple relationships.
  • To detail appropriate policies for dealing with multiple relationships

To complete this paper of 1,000 words minimum, you must do the following:

  • Utilize the CTU Online library for your research on this assignment.
  • When completing your references, you must indicate what library research database you used to find each particular source. Be sure to cite all references in APA style format.
  • Describe the different types of multiple/dual relationships that can be engaged in by chemical dependency counselors.
  • Describe the negative effects that can stem from a multiple/dual relationship to the client, counselor, supervising counselor, and/or agency.
  • Describe the types of discipline common for certain types of dual/multiple relationships.
  • Describe the relationship between malpractice lawsuits and multiple/dual relationships.
  • The final section of your paper should contain your proposal for dealing with multiple relationships between counselors and clients, between counselors and former clients, between counselors and family members of clients or former clients, and between supervising counselors and supervisees.